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Issue 1, September 2014

Konstantin Kossev, BULGARIA 

Academician at Bulgarian Academy of Science

 

137 YEARS SINCE THE APRIL UPRISING

Abstract: The article was written in connection with the celebration of the 137th anniversary of the April Uprising in Bulgaria. Although unsuccessful, it opens the way for the national liberation of the country from 500 years of Ottoman Slavery. In this article are indicated fundamental data about the very uprising and its course.

Georgi Markov, BULGARIA

Academician at Bulgarian Academy of Science

 

PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY /summary of the homonymous book/

Abstract: The presented material is a summary of the famous author’s scientific paper titled "Philosophy of history." In it he argues that the history is memory of only a part of the past, wider or smaller depending on the significance of the era which deserves to be remembered and preserved for the future generations. Therefore past is not equal to History and the knowledge about the past goes far beyond the range of the history textbooks.

Zhivko Zhekov, BULGARIA

Academician at Bulgarian Academy of Science and Arts, Professor DSc,

Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

Stiliyan Stoyanov, BULGARIA

Associate Professor DSc, Space research and technologies institute, Bulgarian Academy of Science

  

SPECTROPHOMETER DEVICE FOR RESEARCH OF THE ATMOSPHERIC OZONE

Abstract: A paper is presented for the design of a Spectrophotometer which can make the research of the total content of the atmospheric ozone on the basis of the absorption principle. The apparatus is designated for working in the near ultraviolet part of the optic specter, where are the Hartley – Huggins absorption bands and it also gives information from observations in the visible part with Chappuis absorption band. As a basic diffracting element of the designed spectrophotometer, is the diffraction grating. A photometric channel is provided which reads the albedo of the surface and the protuberance of the Sun.

Ivaylo Kusev, BULGARIA 

Academician in Interdisciplinary Citizens Academy, Professor DSc

 

POINT OF VIEW ON THE SOCIETY SECTORS AND THEIR INTERACTIONS

Abstract: The article examines the interdisciplinarity and contacts related to the development of society. It is shown the feedback closing information flows in the direction: managing subject - managed objects - managing subject. There are formulated the relationships between the three sectors of society: the public sector, business sector and civil sector.

Lola Zvonareva, RUSSIA 

Academician in Russian Academy of Natural Sciences DSc in History,

Chairman of the Union of Moscow writers

Lidia Kudriavtseva, RUSSIA

Member of the Moscow Union of Artists,Chief editor of “Artist and writer in the children’s book” journal

  

ANDERSEN TALES THROUGH THE EYES OF RUSSIAN ARTISTS

Abstract: Generations of Russian children in the XX-th century were grown up on great Andersen tales and children of our time are still under his mighty influence. He is as close to us as our great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. The books of Andersen are constantly in demand, illustrated by the well-known artists of the past and the new ones – everyone is happy to be his illustrator. Many artists made outstanding works of graphic art, which gained international success. We analyzed these works, paying special attention to the individual understanding of Andersen's fairy tales and its interpretation.

Atanas Atanasov, BULGARIA

Professor DSc, Corresponding member of Bulgarian Academy of Sciense

 

Sasha Todorova, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD in Sociology, Head of section “Sociological Studies” at Union of the Scientists - Bulgaria

 

Zdravka Toneva, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD in Sociology, Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

  

REBUBLIC OF BULGARIA. POVETRY AMONG THE ELDERY. WORLD BANK 1998 /summary/

Abstract: The material is a summary of Report for the World Bank, prepared by the three authors and sociologists, focused on the problems of elderly people in Bulgaria. The research work has been done in-depth pre-accession period of the country in the European Union. The data and conclusions in it explains some current conditions of the elderly. 

Richard Tempest, USA

Associate Professor PhD, Headmaster of Russian,

East European and Eurasian center in University of Illinois

 

GACHEV RAMPANT, ROZANOV COUCHANT OR RUSSIA’S TWO PHYSIOLOGISTS OF CULTURE

Dmitriy Polyvyannyy, RUSSIA

Professor DSc, Ivanovo State University

 

THE BALKAN MINORITIES: DIVIDED STATES, PEOPLES AND SOCIETIES

Abstract: The potential for history to explain contemporary Balkan events looks exhausted (if not compromised) by the attempt to construct models of different levels of plausibility based upon a simplistic conception of the present being merely a continuation of the past, of a deeply rooted tradition of conflict, by all the participants as well as by the observers of the settled, partially settled and still ongoing Balkan ethnic conflicts.   The main significance of a professional and non-engaged historical research for complex (or interdisciplinary) applied studies of the current ethnopolitical developments in the Balkans is to furnish contemporary analysts and decision makers with clear visions based upon authentic historical sources regarding what the participants of the Balkan conflicts know or think they know about their history and what conclusions and constructions based upon this knowledge could influence contemporary situations. 

Valentina Milenkova, BULGARIA

Professor DSc, Southwestern  University  ”Neofit Rilski” 

 

INTERNALIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION:THE BULGARIAN CONTEXT

Abstract: Development of European higher education, part of which is the Bulgarian one, is connected with internalization of different educational aspects, research activities and innovations. The paper is concentrated on the relations between various meso and micro variables and the effectiveness of learning experiences of students in Bulgarian higher education context. The analysis reveals different aspects of the relationships between Bulgarian and foreign students concerning study process and its quality: views, opinions, and critical points; the significance of computer technologies in education, their effectiveness, as well as creating through them high-qualified professionals.

The paper is based on sociological surveys conducted in South West University (Bulgaria) during the last few years with students and lecturers at the university.

The study intends to follow micro and meso (institutional) level characteristics as part of a complex degree of factors that could stimulate a persons’ motivation to participate in further education and to enhance the opportunity to optimize personal motivation for social inclusion, communication skills and talents’ realization. High quality of higher education is a piece of a global university space and creating internalization of educational realities. 

Georgi Naidenov, BULGARIA

Professor PhD, University of national and world economy

 

Kaloyan Haralampiev, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD, Sofia University “Kliment Ohridski”

 

CLUSTER ANALYSIS OF THE TYPES OF CAPITALISM

Abstract: In the paper are presented the most important results of successfully defended three-year university project entitled “Clusters of Capitalism (Typology and Dynamics of Capitalist Economies)”, Research grant SRA 21.03-2/2009. The motives, methodology and methods of the study are discussed. The results of clustering are presented. The resulting typology of types of capitalism is analyzed.

Ivan Raychev, BULGARIA

Professor PhD, University of Veliko Turnovo “St. Cyril and St. Methodius”

 

SOCIAL AND HUMAN CAPITAL IN THE PROCESS OF EUROINTEGRATION

Abstract: Modern industrial society had one of the most characteristic traits - the dynamics - as noted Danel Bell it is "infinity". This infinity is reducible to information society, which implies triad: to think, to learn, to create. In this sense, the term "capital" in its various manifestations as a historical phenomenon and shape, dynamics social links between people and communities. The emphasis should be placed on the importance of social and human capital concepts gained legitimacy in view of the profound economic, political and cultural changes in the countries of Eastern Europe. Euro-Atlantic and European integration processes occurring in the countries of Eastern Europe and the Balkan countries in particular put forward the issues of the importance of human and social capital associated with the growing importance of the personal factor as "a network of social interactions."

Tatiana Aniskevich, POLAND 

PhD in Pedagogic, Associate Professor Pedagogic University in Bialystok, Poland/ Brest State University named after A.S. Pushkin, Belarus

 

SOME ASPECTS OF PROFESSIONAL IMAGE DEVELOPMENT OF BELARUSIAN AND POLISH GRADUATES

Abstract: The article describes the theoretical basis of professional image development; it presents the results of the author’s research devoted to the last year students’ conceptualization of the professional image. The research was conducted at the belarusian and polish universities. It is found that graduates of both countries recognize personal education, professional competence, verbal skills, the ability to establish professional contacts (communication skills), an innovative culture as the significant elements of the professional image. Students in both countries believe that lifelong learning is essential to the success as a professional.

Maria Serafimova, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD, Head of Department Sociology at  Southwestern  University  Neofit Rilski

 

SITUATION OF SEARCHING FOR A MEANING

Abstract: The specifics of every religion can be read and interpreted sociologically. Sociologists of religion study religious facts, be they past or present, and these objective phenomena must be also treated as social facts, explainable by other social facts. In other words - to construct, classify, compare them, treat them within the relationship and conflicts of a society, recessed community in certain groups. They are interested in social context, social impact, social significance, role, nature and functions of a religion in society, the interaction of religion with other spheres of social life.

Vladimir Dulov, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD, Southwestern  University  ”Neofit Rilski”

Head of Virtual center for music, culture and scientific research

 

INTERNET AND CULTURAL RELATIONS EUROPE - BALKANS

Abstract: Interculturalism at regional, national and global levels can be identified as a post-modern phenomenon that takes place in a specific socio-cultural space and plays a different role depending on the level and nature of development of individual societies.
Particularly complex and colorful is the situation in transient communities, especially those in Eastern Europe, where culture has a controversial life and manifests itself in a specific way

The specifics of the transition Balkan countries go through particular vicissitudes of cultural development.  Insufficient and incomplete modernization of Balkan post-communist societies blocked by totalitarian Communism preserves archaic cultural patterns of traditional society who receive new life in transition’s phase.

Neli Dimitrova, BULGARIA

Associate professor PhD at Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen, Pedagogical faculty, department Technology study and vocational education

 

INDEPENDENCE WORK OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AS ACMEOLOGICAL PROBLEM IN LEARNING PROCESS (ADVANTAGES AND DIASADVANTAGES)

Abstract: The main task of university education is to form creative people, witch to be able to self-education and innovation activities. Therefore, during the training of students apply akmeological approach to reach its peak of development. To achieve this in the learning process of students apply independent work.

The purpose of this research is to identify the advantages and disadvantages of students independent work and it used in the learning process as a method of training to establish whether it could be considered as akmeological problem. For the realization of this study is identifying the main features and stages of independent work.

Research and systematize of the theoretical formulation that is joining with the problem for independent work of students in the education. Identify the basic functions of independent work as akmeologickal problem in the training of students. Conducting a survey for use of independent work in the training process. On based of the results are defined advantages and disadvantages of independent work in the training process. 

Neli Dimitrova, BULGARIA 

Associate professor PhD at Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen, Pedagogical faculty, department Technology study and vocational education

 

FACTORS DETERMINING STUDENT’S PRODUCTIVELY TRAINING LIKE ACMEOLOGICAL PROBLEM

Abstract: Solving basic to improving the quality of university education requires a new structural approach to preparing young teaching professionals. Based on this trend is designed this study whose purpose is to determine the factors of productively training students as acmeological problem to enhancing professionalism as teachers.

To achieve of goals is solved following tasks: studied and systematization of the theoretical formulation for application of project teaching students; identify the main features of the project as a training acmeological problem in the training of students.

Dimitar Tzanev, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD in History, Ambassador of the Republic of Bulgaria in China (1999 - 2003) 

 

TOWARDS THE HISTORIZATION OF THE SINO-BULGARIAN RELATION

Abstract: The relations between the People’s Republic of China since it` s establishment in 1949 and the Republic of Bulgaria (which in 1949 was a young state and for the most part of the period since then was a People’s Republic) have not yet become history. The period between 1949 and 1965 can be defined as the first phase of  the bilateral relations – in general terms it covers the times of stated positive will on both sides to search for and find divers eforms of cooperation. 1989 is significant in the history of both countries and in terms of the nature of the bilateral relations. Today both China and Bulgaria, while searching for their place in the complex modern world, will need more than ever to interpret and understand the signs and capital of the recent past, and build on the established and promising bilateral relations which has been maintained for decades despite the difficulties caused by the relations with third countries.

Elya Tzaneva, BULGARIA 

PhD, Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Science

 

ETHNOSYMBOLISM AND NATIONAL STEREOTYPYNG

Abstract: The specific relationship between ethnicity and nation became an important issue for the main schools of research on nationalism, and the theoretical study of nationalism has recently provided the contextual framework within which this relationship has been analyzed. There is a tendency in the later sociological literature to consider these two approaches to ethnicity, nations and nationalism together.

Anton Nedyalkov, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD, Department of Management and Business Development, University of Ruse

 

STAFFING ISSUES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT OF SERVICES

Abstract: The essential ingredients of service triangle model are analyzed – the vision, or service strategy, for the product or service; the customer-oriented staff; the customer-friendly systems. The system approach is applied to the model and three basic support systems are identified – capacity planning, material planning, and information ones. A new service pyramid model of support systems is proposed. One common component is settled in the new model that is determined as back-office staff – managers and employees whose issues are discussed in the case of information system. Conclusions and recommendations for further applications are formulated.

Evdokiya Borisova, BULGARIA 

Associate Professor, PhD in Department “Journalism and mass communications”, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

SCRIPT WRITING AND TV SERIALS FILMS

Abstract: The article comments the techniques, structuring and the receptive effect of writing and screen  production of script  plots of such boundless, "monstrous" long stories as  the television series. Particularly interesting are those seemingly clear enchanting mythological models in the solutions of original serial stories. Even more interesting, however, are those scripts created after classic and popular novels or those that are "based on the novel of ...".

Miloslava Yankova, BULGARIA

Senior Assistant PhD at Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

ALTERNATIVES TO THE INSTITUTIONAL CARE FOR CHILDREN 

Abstract: This text presents the alternatives to the institutionalcare for children in Bulgaria. According to the National Strategy "Vision for deinstitutionalization of children in Bulgaria" in our country rapid pace institutional care should be replaced by alternative forms of social services for children. As a result of implementation of the strategy is expected in the long run, going through reducing the number of children in institutions, to reach complete closure of the classical type of institutions, while terminate institutionalization for children 0 to 3 years after completion of reform. As major forms of alternative care, the report examines: adoption, placement in a foster family, biological family reintegration, centers for family-type accommodation, protected homes, etc.

Zhivko Zhechev, BULGARIA

Senior Assistant PhD in Social pedagogy; Theory of education and didactic, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

DEINSTITUTONALISATION OF THE SOCIAL SERVICES IN BULGARIA FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF NORMATIVE SECURITY

Abstract: Priority of government policy is deinstitutionalisation of social services in Bulgaria. While in Bulgaria to talk about deinstitutionalization since the early 90s and the Law on the protection of the child was adopted in 2000, the scandal until Mogilino 2007 there is no systematic and synchronized measures in this direction. After that it is formulated a normative document referred to in the report, which represent national vision for deinstitutionalisation of social services.

Zhivko Zhechev, BULGARIA 

Senior Assistant PhD in Social pedagogy; Theory of education and didactic, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

SOCIAL SERVICES IN BULGARIA FOR CHILDREN IN THE PROCESS OF DEINSTITUTIONALISATION

Abstract: This report attempts to shed light on the genesis terms "institutionalisation" and "deinstitutionalisation" in the direction of overcoming the existing problems related to the restructuring of care for disadvantaged children in Bulgaria. It is difficult to give a general definition of "institution" or "institutional care", mainly due to different cultural and legal frameworks in Member States. By clarifying the genesis of institutionalisation and deinstitutionalisation states and the historical course of these two processes both nationally and globally.

Aglika Dobreva, BULGARIA

Senior Assistant in Department of "English Philology”, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

COGNITIVE AND CULTURAL ASPECTS OF METAPHORS FOR BASIC EMOTIONS IN ENGLISH AND BULGARIAN

Abstract: The paper focuses on some cognitive and cultural aspects of metaphors for basic emotions in English and Bulgarian, applying a corpus-based method. Examples from on-line corpora of contemporary British and American as well as phraseological dictionaries have been used. The concept of basic emotion is defined while trying to illustrate it with examples from both English and Bulgarian. Metaphors of happiness, sadness, anger, fear and joy etc. are analysed as examples of emotions which are most commonly referred to as basic. The approach is based on former research by Lakoff, Johnson and Kövecses. The paper discusses metaphorical schemas in English and Bulgarian metaphorical expressions. Generally, in both languages the same schemas are present in cognitive metaphors for basic emotions such as THE CONTAINER SCHEMA, THE VERTICALITY SCHEMA, THE FORCE SCHEMA, ONTOLOGICAL SCHEMA etc. There are some differences on the level of linguistic metaphors that correspond to common conceptual metaphors in the languages under discussion. Some dissimilarities are due to certain cultural specificities where myth and culture-bound philosophies are intertwined. For example, the exact 'location' of some emotions in the body is language specific as well as the colours used in metaphors for particular emotions. Generally, there are more similarities than differences between English and Bulgarian regarding conceptual metaphors for basic emotions.

Ivo Jokin, BULGARIA

Municipal center for extracurricular activities, 5861 Baykal

 

EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES OF SCIENCE

Abstract: The description of the work I have presented their experience in the organization of extracurricular activities with students in science-astronomy, ecology, art, the forms and methods, results and some good practices in teaching astronomy. Participation in joint projects with research organizations.

Stephanie Short, AUSTRALIA

School of Public Health Griffith University

 

Valentin Hadjiev, AUSTRALIA

School of Public Health Griffith University

 

Zdravka Toneva, BULGARIA

Associate Professor PhD in Sociology, Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”, Konstantin Preslavsky University of Shumen

 

ON THE INEQUITABLE IMPACT OF UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE: THE EXPERIENCE OF BULGARIA IN TRANSITION

Abstract: This article deals with the social democratic aspiration of equitable access to health care in Bulgaria, a country in transition since 1989 from communism and a command economy to democracy and a free market. The focus is on access to health services and resources after the introduction of a universal health insurance system, with particular reference to formal and informal out-of-pocket payments for health care. The paper reports empirical results from a national household expenditure survey, supplemented with a semi-structured interview, conducted at the end of the survey period (April-May 2002). The results bring to light the groups in society who suffer most in this scenario: the poor, Roma, older persons and those living in towns and villages. The study reveals that the stated aim of the National Health Insurance Fund, to provide equitable access to health care, is a mirage rather than a reality, as the vast bulk of health care is self funded. This paper has particular significance for understanding the challenges faced by post-communist states in their attempts to achieve social democratic health care reforms.

Yuksel Ahmed, BULGARIA

PhD Student at the University of Library Studies and Information Technologies

 

LONG-TERM FORECAST THROUGH DELPHI METHOD OF THE RISK GROUPS THAT ARE A THREAT FOR THE NATIONALSECURITY OF REPUBLIC OF BULGARIAIN THE NEXT 15 YEARS 

Abstract: The Delphi Method was developed by the US company RAND Corporation for the realization of a long-term forecast in the scope of 5 years to 30 years. It symbolizes the need for an expert knowledge which nowadays is generated not with the aid of intuitive forms, but with the use of scientific technologies. The method was applied by a team, in which the author was part of, in order to forecast the future risk groups that will prevail in the next 15 years in the Bulgarian society and which will be a real threat for the national security of Republic of Bulgaria.

Yuksel Ahmed, BULGARIA

PhD Student at the University of Library Studies and Information Technologies

  

RAND CORPORATION – A GLOBAL FLAGMAN AT THE LONG-TERM FORECASTING IN THE FIELD OF NATIONAL SECURITYAND THE MASTERINGOF OUTHER SPACE

Abstract: Created as a military research organization in the middle of the 20th century, RAND Corporation – USA quickly became the most powerful "think-tank" influencing the development of the American and global society and framing the perspectives in front of the systems for national security. The report makes a full analysis of the first long-term forecasts of RAND, which are reality today for the mankind and the mastering of the outer space, which correspond with the security of the USA. They are developed by specialists with a high scientific potential, including a great number of Nobel laureates.