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Issue 12, August 2015

Sonya Ilieva, BULGARIA

Professor DSc at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen, Chief Editor of online journal SocioBrains


Theoretically focus on developing the Marxist paradigm in sociology                                                                        

Abstract: After 1989, there are whole generations for whom the word "Marx" or "Marxism" are necessarily equivalent of communism and totalitarianism. But a careful reading of Marx and his followers showed that his and their art has a number of situations that deserve attention in terms of modern development of societies in terms of sociology. Marxism is ambiguous term used mostly to mean a system of views of Karl Marx formed after 1845 as well as interpretations of the views of Marx and updating them (including the principle of complementarity and correction) based on new scientific and historical material.  The article shows the basics of theoretical developments of social thinkers after Marx associated with the development of the Marxist paradigm: Engels, K. Kautsky, E. Bernstein, R. Luxembourg, H. Marcuse, K. Mannheim, T. Botomor, J. Habermas and others. Displays and that the Marxist paradigm in sociology still has its fervent supporters and modernity, as indicated above its key messages, still disturb the imagination of sociologists, wide circles of society and especially - its poor and disadvantaged layers.  Marxism is inextricably linked to the intellectual history of the modern world. To ignore or reject it means to make a deliberately false-interpretation of the recent past. Marxist project is part of the big progressive narrative of modernity and postmodernity. It connects with the hope of transformation of society and a better future for humanity.

Svetlana Kegeyan, RUSSIA

PhD, Associate Professor in Department of Foreign Languages at Sochi State University, Sochi


Peculiarities of medical tourism development                                                                                                        

Abstract: The paper deals with the question of the modern development of medical tourism. Medical tourism has completely changed the concept of the health care system, making it more global. As in all sectors of the economy there is also a high level of competition in medical tourism, which stimulates the development of medicine in the world, improves the quality of health care and promotes the introduction of new technologies in public health care service. The paper may be useful for people interested in the field of tourism, medicine.

Vesna Kolarova, MACEDONIA

Master of Law Faculty, "St. Cyril and Methodius" -  Skopje, Macedonia, Prosecutor of the Prosecution Office of the city of Stip, Macedonia


Causes of human trafficking in Macedonia. Forms of human trafficking.                                                                   

Abstract: The phenomenon of "human trafficking" is not a phenomenon that has emerged in the modern way of life. This phenomenon is monitored by society as a kind of crime or as a pathology in the history of its development. In the past, women were often subject to enslavement by the winner in wars of conquest, enslavement use of harassment and exploitation. Women did not have any value, have been the subject of prey, and all other values and goods which were the subject of conquest. In modern times, human trafficking represents the worst form of slavery of modern times and is an act that most seriously violate the guaranteed universal human rights. Human trafficking, illegal parallel trade in drugs, weapons and economic crime is one of the most profitable forms of gaining high profit in a short time. Structural transformations themselves in certain countries and allowed the emergence of new forms of crime. This phenomena found wide expression in "countries in transition", among which is the Republic of Macedonia - countries where happen and major social changes, which themselves lead to global changes in the value system of the people in the countries themselves.

Sadia Rasool, PAKISTAN

Student: Msc international relations (IR) at National University of modern languages Islamabad, Pakistan


Cyber security threat in Pakistan: causes Challenges and way forward                                                                    

Abstract: The cyber security threat in Pakistan is a rising issue, Because of incompatible cyber security parameterized; it is enhancing more challenges for Pakistan. As Pakistan is quickly expending its resilience on cyberspace, in the similar way it is not securing its digital networks. That’s why the national infrastructure of Pakistan is also losing its strength. Now it has becomes a national security threat for Pakistan so here Pakistan really needs a proper cyber secure mechanism for the protection of her national security.

Hristina Kolarova - Vasileva, BULGARIA

Lecturer in practice at the Department "Social work" at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen


Research work during the practical training of the students specialty "Social Activities"                                             

Abstract: Practical training of students is always an expression of interaction with science and acquired during the learning process knowledge from them. No doubt science creates abstract patterns of practical problems in order to keep the universal solutions to find new solutions to existing problems and to find solutions to new problems. The examples in this article on the research work during the practical activities of students showed general trends stand in their training in university education: through this activity adapt the scientific process to rapidly changing social environment; receives and provides scientific information corresponding to its level of development and current needs; acquire innovative practices are applicable not only in the scientific environment and in different spheres of public life; master competencies for social dissemination and application of scientific knowledge; systematize knowledge is fundamental for microstructure research.

Vladislav Chalakov, BULGARIA

PhD in Social work, Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen


Coordination of social security in the European Union                                                                                            

Abstract: Social security coordination is a system of rules designed to facilitate labor mobility within the EU and between Member States of the European Union and the rest of the world. This system of rules developed more than 50 years, seeking opportunities of interstate level to be settled matters regarding employment, procurement, applicable law: sickness, maternity and paternity; old-age pension, pre-retirement schemes; invalidity benefits; survivor's benefits and death grants; unemployment benefits; family benefits; compensation for occupational accidents and diseases. The article examines in detail the social security systems of certain countries, such as Germany, Spain, Greece and others. This is related to the fact that Bulgarian economic migrants in recent years usually are directed to these countries.

Yuksel Ahmed, BULGARIA

PhD in National Security at the University of Library Studies and Information Technologies


Globalization and sustainable development. Bulgaria in the World Trade Organization (WTO).                                   

Abstract: Globalization is mainly reflected in the concentration of trade and production worldwide. This concentration is seen by critics as a way for the benefit of large multinational companies to expand trade on the basis of maintaining a system of protective measures for exports from rich countries and obstructing imports of the poor. Greater liberalization in trade and investment is directly related to the realization of sustainable economic growth. Manifestation of integration in the global economy and a priority in the foreign policy of Bulgaria is as accession to the European Union - EU and participation in World Trade Organization - WTO. Three key moment in the development of foreign economic relations of the country now, which determine the direction of the Bulgarian foreign economic policy: globalization, European integration, regional cooperation.

Georgi Dubov, BULGARIA

Student in the master's program "Regulation and control in the system of social activities", Department of "Social Work" at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen


Socialization in a biological family and in a foster family. Sociological study.                                                            

Abstract: The foster care system in Bulgaria and the world will be reviewed in 1988, with a view and changing social conditions. This form of care for children is increasingly seen more as a complement, not a substitute for the relationship with the biological parents. One of the fundamental principles of foster care, the foster parents caring for children in their own home, they do not have custody and between them and the child does not arise legal relationship of adoption. Upon arrival the basic principle is to meet the needs of the child and not satisfying the wishes of the host family. When it becomes a foster family underwent several amendments, knowledge (among professional selection and support) would allow to avoid a number of further difficulties related to its functioning as a system. All these changes and problems are discussed in detail in this paper.

Iva Veselinova, BULGARIA

Master in Social pedagogy, Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen, Director of Accommodation center of family type


Unlocking the principles of the policies on vulnerable groups in the European Union                                                  

Abstract: European standards in social services are mainly aimed at vulnerable social groups, subject to the following principles: 1. An integrated approach to providing services and support (complementarity in the provision of support; Intersectoral interaction in the provision of social, educational and health services; (Coordination in the work of institutions);2. Support in response to the needs and desires; 3. Effectiveness of support; 4. Financing oriented consumer; 5. Services are available in a free market; 6. Professional providing support and services. In this article principles considered in their full light.

Maya Konova, BULGARIA

PhD student at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen


The Ombudsman's role in overcoming social conflicts                                                                                            

Abstract: In a democratic society, citizens delegate rights to certain bodies carrying out power in the public interest. One of these bodies is the Ombudsman. It was created to provide and does not allow or support conflict resolution of any kind. Be a buffer in the relationship between citizens and the government in its various manifestations - municipal, state, utility companies with monopolistic character. Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria was established as an independent body by law, which shall enter into force on 1 January 2004. It is part of the state machine, but is outside the hierarchy of state authorities. Statistics show that since the establishment of the institution in 2005 to the end of 2014 a total of 110,384 people sought help from him.  39,918 are complaints. 29,602 people visited the ombudsman's office. 40,864 people received advice and consultation by phone or electronically. But most importantly, what is achieved by its activity consists in the following: support the deepening of democratic processes in the country; incorporates the values of democracy; Authoritarian limited confines of institutions ztsa expense of the rights and freedoms of citizens.

Maya Konova, BULGARIA

PhD student at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen


Nature of the social conflicts                                                                                                                                

Abstract: Conflict as a social phenomenon occurs with the emergence of society. It can occur for a variety of reasons - because life attitudes and expectations, tangible opportunities, personal-value differences, role differences in social life. i.e. conflicts covering all aspects of life and activities of people totality of relations and interactions. A social conflict is universal, the typical conflict as a social phenomenon that occurs and is manifested in all spheres and activities of public life and at all levels. It is social, because realized in the relations of people between social actors, personalities and groups.