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Issue 38, October 2017

Memish Merdan, BULGARIA
Head Assistant Professor, PhD in Department of Turkish Language and literature 
in Faculty of Humanities at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

25 years Turkish philology specialty at Konstantin Preslavski University of Shumen. Facts and sign figures

Abstract: The present report aims to clarify some questions related to the creation, the educational and scientific activities, the material base and, above all, the teaching staff of the Department of Turkish Language and Literature at the Faculty of Humanities of Konstantin Preslavski University of Shumen. Chronologically, the present study covers the period since the founding of the Department (initially with the status Sector at the Russian Language Department) in 1992 to nowadays. For realization of this purpose we used generally documents stored in the archives of the Department of Turkish language and literature as well as some research devoted to the history of higher pedagogical education in Shumen, as well as works exploring the history of Shumen University and the history of the separate departments in it.

Byulent Kardzhala, BULGARIA
Lecturer at Department of Turkish Language and Literature at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

PHONETIC FEATURES OF VOWELS IN TURKISH DIALECT IN THE VILLAGE OF VENETS – IN THE REGION OF SHUMEN

Abstract: The subject of the present study is the Turkish dialect of the inhabitants of village of Venets, municipality of Venets, Shumen district. The aim of this study was to introduce the characteristics of the studied Turkish dialect, existing and developing in a dialect medium, which is typical for the Misian Turkish dialect mainly at phonetic level as the most typical side of the speech, by studying the interaction of vowels and the phonetic phenomena related to them. With respect to the aim of the study, more attention is paid to the phonetic characteristics of the dialect, which distinguish it from the standart Turkish language. As far as fonetics is concerned, the main attention is directed not to the words themselves, but to the phonetic phenomena in these words. The main methods of investigation were auditory analysis and transcription. The realization of the consonants in sounding speech is described. The transcription used within this study is based on the transcription, traditionally used in the Bulgarian Turkology.

Embie Kyazimova, BULGARIA
Lecturer at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

THE TOPIC-COMMENT STRUCTURES IN THE TURKISH SENTENCE AS A POLY-PREDICATION FORMATION FACTOR

Abstract: This article discusses the reasons giving ground to consider the non-finite forms a factor in the formation of nonlinear predication. The article presents the different view points on the features of the complex predication and on the existence of the so-called “semi-predication” in Turkish. The author comes to the conclusion that the non-finite forms play a particular role for the formation of nonlinear predication in the Turkish sentence.

Menent Shukrieva, BULGARIA
Lecturer at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

AN ATTEMPT TO CLASSIFY THE LEGAL TURKISH TERMS

Abstract: In this article we make an attempt to classify the legal Turkish terms based upon one of the most popular and comprehensive classifications made so far – that of S.V. Grinev. In our classification, the terms are grouped by origin, formation and development pattern, chronology, form, content, abstraction, subjectivity, place of use in hierarchies, semantic structure and functional features.

Menent Shukrieva, BULGARIA

Lecturer at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

ON SOME SPECIFIC FEATURES OF LEGAL TURKISH

Abstract: This article describes some specific features of legal Turkish, which contribute to its complexity. The long and intricate expressions, the Arabic and Persian borrowings in the legal lexis, the somewhat obscure clichés often make legal texts difficult to understand for the common reader and raise questions about the accessibility and intelligibility of legal Turkish.

Miyryam Salim, BULGARIA
Assoc. Prof. Ph. D. at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

TURKISH TRAVEL NOTES – TRIP THROUGH THE CENTURIES

Abstract: The travel notes are writings and compositions, describing a trip to a certain geographic place and containing evidence, impressions, notes and comments, acquired during the travelling. This type of works is known already during ancient times and they are widely developed in the literature of all nations. During the past centuries the travel notes have very often been in combination with other literature types and genres and not always have represented individual literature monuments. The travel notes are important and unique literature and historical written sources. The development of the Turkish travel notes during the past centuries are followed up in the article, whereas evidences have also been presented about the basic authors – writers of travel notes in the history of the Turkish literature and the created by the same works.

Nevrie Chufadar, BULGARIA
Head Assist. Dr., Faculty of Humanities at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

ABOUT THE ORIGIN AND THE NAME OF THE MYTHICAL HERO KOROGLU

Abstract: The article analyzes the sources of epics, prototypes and the mythical hero's name. The analysis of the sources and the theoretical studies of a number of scientists show that Koroglu is a syncretic hero who has many prototypes. The etymology of his name is derived as from the semantics of the morphemes compiling him, and from the circumstances surrounding his birth and life. It is concluded that the hero's name is polysemantic, at the same time it means «the son of the blind», «light» and «light and dark», as the last opposition contains indicators for the fight between good and evil (the light as good and the darkness as evil).

Aydun Ulubey, BULGARIA 

 

Tatiana Chalakova, BULGARIA

Professor, PhD, Lecturer at Department of Turkish language and literature, Faculty of Humanities, at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen 

 

KNOWLEDGE CONCEPT - FRAGMENTS FROM MYTHOLOGICAL AND RELIGIOUS PICTURES OF THE WORLD

Abstract: The article presents etymological and mythological aspects of conceptual knowledge in typologically different cultures - the Slavic and the Turkic. Consider the pre-religious beliefs of the Slavs and Turks and compare some aspects of a concept in Christianity and Islam, including Sufism. It is the conclusion of the universal and specific from the point of view of the bearers of knowledge in the mythological and religious pictures of the world.

Vejdi Hasan, BULGARIA
Senior Assistant, PhD at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

CONTRIBUTION OF SULTAN POETS TO DIWAN POETRY

Abstract: Most of the representatives of the Ottoman dynasty were engaged in art. From an early age they were specially trained to be able to go behind the details and evaluate authors’ intellectual work. Ottoman sultans surrounded themselves with the most renowned poets of their time. They talked about poetry but this was also a way to emphasize their own expertise. Poets were being protected and supported. Form their early stage of training, princes studied Arabian and Persian. Arabian was used for science and Persian for literature. Getting to know the achievements of the great authors, who had left their imprint on Diwan poetry, they started to write wonderful poems. They found inspiration in the achievements of their predecessors and strived to improve them. They sought the perfect and the ideal. Their intellectual training and good knowledge of Persian literature presumed perfect skills in the classical rhyme technique. Their rich vocabulary helped them use many Arabian and Persian words and expressions. Their original works were distinguished for endless imagination and strong language. The sought the perfect, the ideal in describing the beloved one. In poetic circles they were known with their pen-names. Some of them became close with pronounced representatives of Sufism and participated in their dialogues. The philosophy of Sufism also predetermines their attitude to arts and culture.

Veneta Yankova, BULGARIA
Assoc. Prof., PhD, at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

STORIES FOR THE „SULTAINS” GRAY FROM GERLOVO REGION.
(BY DATA FROM THE HISTORICAL ARCHIVE IN SHUMEN)

Abstract: The article has as its main purpose to announce unknown testimonies from the local historical memory according to data from the personal archive of Petar Gruev (DIA – Shumen, F. 99к, оp. 1). These are local oral history data, that can serve for future regional studies of historical and folkloric direction, related to the heirs of the Crimean Tatar dynasty Girey/ Giray and their participation in the formation of the cultural specificity of Gerlovo province and Varbitsa region.

Darina Vasileva, BULGARIA
Professor PhD Pedagogical Faculty at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

LIFE OF THE ARTIST.

INTERPRETATION IN THE LIGHT OF ORTEGA Y GASSET’S PHILOSOPHY

Abstract: The article explores the reflection of José Ortega y Gasset's various philosophical, aesthetic and culturological ideas in the field of artistic creativity. Good precondition for resolving the research task is the choice of works by Victor Paskov as an author with diverse interests, professional participial to different kinds of arts.

Darina Vasileva, BULGARIA
Professor PhD, Pedagogical Faculty at „Konstantin Preslavsky“ – University of Shumen

 

REALITY – OBJECTIVE AND IMAGINATIVE

Abstract: What is the presence of imaginary reality in the live and values of contemporary society? What is the role of artistic images related to the protected inner space of person? The author looks for answers of these questions in the texsts of Viktor Paskov, reflecting the life of the Bulgarian as an integral part of the social and cultural life of Europe.

Ivaylo Vladev, BULGARIA
Faculty of Natural Sciences at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

SPATIAL ASPECTS OF THE UNEMPLOYMENT IN GRAVITATION ZONE TO SHUMEN CITY – MAIN CENTRE OF GRAVITY

Abstract: The actuality of the problems related with the needs of complex and integral investigations in the field of spatial unemployment, which the main centre of gravity – Shumen needs are considered in the article. In the study the main typical features of the unemployment are presented as a serious social and economic problem of the investigated area – towns and villages in the period 1992 – 2011. By analysing the unemployment are used the following qualitative and quantitative indices: unemployed, unemployment rate, registered unemployed. Clarify the reasons for the territorial disparities in the distribution of the unemployed. Referred to them are recommendations for overcoming the problems connected with effective policy of the labour market and unemployed stabilize.

Milen Penerliev, BULGARIA
Assoc. Prof, PhD, Department “Geography, regional development and tourism”, University of Shumen, Bulgaria

 

CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: THE “SUBSTRATE” OF CULTURAL TOURISM

Abstract: The paper aims at identifying the connection between the environment (natural and anthropogenic) and a specific type of tourism developing in this environment. The concept of "cultural landscape" is used. A definition of the latter term has been proposed, and its functional elements concerning the development of cultural tourism, have been defined. From the point of view of this type of tourism, the territory with its cultural-historical and socio-cultural heritage has been justified as the basis for the development of cultural tourism. A conclusion that the cultural landscape is the environment in which cultural tourism is formed, functions and develops, has been drawn.

Plamen Dyankov, BULGARIA
Senior Assistant, DSc, Eng., Lecturer at Department of Engineering Logistics, at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

Emil Zhechev, BULGARIA
Student in Engineering Logistics, at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

THE CONCEPTION OF ENGINEERING LOGISTICS IN THE PRODUCTION COMPANIES

Abstract: The properties of each system are determined always by interaction between the system and the external environment in which they are formed and developed, as the basic elements that form them are information (structure), energy, and matter. If the process of formation is described consistently, this process without consistency is considered to be destructive.

Rumen Vasilev, BULGARIA
lawyer, PhD, Assistant Professor at the Department of Social Activities, at the Medical Faculty of Thracian University, Stara Zagora 

Vesela Mareva, BULGARIA
Ph.D. student at the Department of Social Activities at the Faculty of Medicine, Thracian University, Stara Zagora 

 

PREVENTION OF THE ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR IN SCHOOL

Abstract: The article analyzes the problem of prevention of antisocial behavior in schools. It emphasizes the lack of legal norms to exercise preventive measures and control of such events. The aim is to present the problem of the unavailability of unified norms and models of preventive measures in schools, protected by legislation. An object of analysis is the ability of our educational and legal systems to accept as a reality and incorporate into the educational framework program the philosophy of international and community legal norms related to the prevention of antisocial acts. The opportunities for this to happen and influence the most sensitive and racist group of pupils and minors.

Snezhanka Dobreva, BULGARIA
PhD at Pedagogical Faculty, at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

Krasimira Taneva, BULGARIA
PhD at University of Plovdiv – Paisii hilendarski

 

PRAGMATICAL ASPECTS OF THE WORK ON PLANNING A TEXT
/STUDY/

Abstract: The present article is focused on the variety of educational practices for learning how to plan a text in the fifth grade, on methodical decisions about relations of planning a text in classes in literature and Bulgarian (and according to these classes oriented to development of communicative competence) on different speech strategies for making a plan with questions, with narrative sintax, or by quotation. The suggested educational models-optional- are presented united in two basic groups as follows: making a plan for a specific text, making a plan for a creation of a text (different types of retelling an original according to the syllabus); and making a plan of an original text (different compositions according to educational program). On every model are suggested exercises for forming and developing of skills for obtaining information, semantic analysis of different segments of the text related to the didactic task or creation of reproductive text, analytical observations for making the plan.

Yana Zhecheva, BULGARIA
Director of Kindergarten “Latinka” - Shumen, PhD student at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen

 

DEVELOPING CHILDREN`S SCIENTIFIC COMPLETENCES AT THE AGE OF 6-7 YEARS OLD IN THE CONDITIONS OF KINDERGARTEN

Abstract: The pre-school ecological education is directed at forming environmental culture, eco- consciousness and behavior in order to keep the ecological balance. A key objective of the pre-school education is to teach the children a correct attitude towards the environment so that they can gradually discover the human’s place in it.

Ilia Iliev, BULGARIA
Lecturer at Konstantin Preslavsky – University of Shumen – college Dobrich

Kamelia Raycheva, BULGARIA
Student of specialty „Pedagogy of primary school”, college Dobrich

INTEGRATIVE APPROACH TO EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL AT SUBJECT “TECHNOLOGY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP”

Abstract: One of the most typical effects at our work time is the intensive technical progress and it’s appliance all round the life. Children today are living in time, where the technical achievements are not only in the manufacture, but also in the everyday way of people is life, in children toys, in family and infant school. The technological education in the general preparation is subordinated to the requirement for, forming technological competence in students. It is well known that technology lays in the basis of technological progress. It is a link between natural sciences and production; it is a mediator between the researched applying activity; it is a radical re- estimation of the ideas for building and development of the economical.